What is Accounting?

Accounting is a systematic process of recording, summarizing, analysing, and reporting financial transactions of a business or an individual. It involves the measurement, processing, and communication of financial information about economic entities.

Its primary purpose is to provide stakeholders—such as investors, creditors, management, and regulators—with accurate and relevant information about the financial health and performance of an entity. Accounting helps in making informed decisions, assessing the profitability, financial position, and cash flow of an organization, and ensuring compliance with legal and regulatory requirements.

There are various branches of accounting, including financial (focused on external reporting), managerial (focused on internal decision-making), tax (dealing with tax-related matters), and auditing (verifying the accuracy of financial information).

Where can Accounting Lead?

Want to open your own accountancy firm in the future? Do you see yourself managing the accounts for a high end business? An apprenticeship can get you there! The route is not for everyone, so being sure is vital to knowing if you will be a right fit for the position.

An accounting apprenticeship can lead to various career paths and opportunities within the field of accounting and finance. Here are some potential outcomes:

Accounting Roles: Apprenticeships often lead to roles such as bookkeeper, accounting assistant, accounts payable/receivable clerk, or payroll administrator. These positions involve hands-on accounting tasks, such as managing financial records, processing transactions, and ensuring accuracy in financial documentation.

Professional Accounting Certification: With experience gained during an apprenticeship, individuals often pursue professional certifications like Certified Public Accountant (CPA), Certified Management Accountant (CMA), Chartered Accountant (CA), or Certified Bookkeeper (CB). These certifications can open doors to higher-level positions and increased earning potential. (Learn More)

Career Progression: Apprenticeships provide a foundation for career advancement. Successful completion and demonstrated skills can lead to promotions to roles such as senior accountant, accounting manager, financial controller, or finance director within organizations.

Specializations: Accounting offers various specializations, such as auditing, tax accounting, forensic accounting, management accounting, or financial analysis. An apprenticeship can serve as a starting point for specialization in one of these areas.

Entrepreneurship: Some individuals use their accounting knowledge and experience gained through apprenticeships to start their own accounting or bookkeeping businesses. They may offer services to small businesses or individuals needing financial expertise.

Higher Education: An apprenticeship can be a stepping stone to pursue further education, such as a bachelor’s or master’s degree in accounting, finance, or a related field. This can open doors to more advanced positions and specialized career paths.

Ultimately, the direction an accounting apprenticeship leads can depend on individual interests, career goals, and the opportunities that arise during the apprenticeship journey. It’s a versatile field with numerous possibilities for growth and development.

When employers are looking for an apprentice to join an accountancy firm/accounting team, they are looking for someone who has good analytical, mathematic and problem solving skills, excellent transferable skills and a great work ethic. So before attending any Accounting Apprenticeship interview, you must be prepared. Below are some tips which will help you in having a successful interview.

Don’t be afraid to talk about yourself when asked. Talk about your hobbies and interests, what you like to do on weekends etc. Mention awards and achievements you have gained over the years, whether they are from school or clubs. Make sure that you don’t overshare, but don’t give too short an answer.

Give an overview of the company and what they specialise in. Mention some facts that you learned about them whether this be awards they have won, when they were established etc. By doing this it will show the employer that you were willing to go out of your way to understand the business.

This is where your research on the company is important as you can implement this in your answer. Mention a success story of theirs and what you like about their processes and the way they work compared to their competitors. It is also important to have ideas of things you feel you could bring and incorporate into the business.

AAT roles may require recording data and displaying your results in order to evidence your findings. Discussing an experience where you have had to do this and have had positive feedback is a good way to show confidence in this area

Reflecting on an example of prioritising tasks during a heavy workload is a positive way to show competency in a role. This will help demonstrate your organisational skills and problem solving. Explain how and why you made the decision and why it was the right one.

Talk about any relevant software packages you have used, for example Microsoft Word, Excel and Powerpoint. Any technical office systems that you have had previous use or an overview of would also be advantageous.

In accountancy and finance it is important to be precise. Mentioning an experience where you came across mistakes and had these corrected. Explain how you ensured this didn’t happen again is beneficial. Without an example you can also discuss how proof reading and establishing thorough checking takes place within a team is essential.

Strengths – Mention two or three strengths (for example, communicating effectively, time management and organisational skills) and give an example of one of them.

Weaknesses – This is where you can show you are honest, can self-evaluate and are keen to improve. Choose a positive aspect of your personality and mention how this can be slightly detrimental.

Think about the business as a whole and positions you could progress to within, taking into account your wider ambitions. Most employers want to hire someone with drive and determination so don’t be afraid to set your goals high.

Before the interview be aware of how much the role offers on the job description and research salary expectations in this sector based on those in positions that have similar experience to yourself.

Although this is slightly personal this gives the employer an insight into yourself as a person as well as the roles you may wish to progress to. For example, motivation to build a successful career or provide more for your family etc are both acceptable answers.

Be honest about your reasons for leaving your last role. But if you are leaving a position that you were not happy in, don’t slander the business. Mention how you want a career with more opportunities for progression or how the role you are interviewing for is a much better fit.

Use this time to ask questions about the business, daily operations or their expectations of you as an employee in this role. Do not ask questions about the company that could have been answered previously with an online search. Aim to ask open ended questions that won’t result in the employer just giving a yes or no answer.

Interview Preparation


Before the big day, dive deep into the company’s website, social media channels, recent news, and any available annual reports. Understand their values, culture, recent projects, and the role you’re applying for. This will not only impress your interviewer but also help you tailor your responses to align with the company’s goals.

Know Yourself

Take some time to reflect on your skills, experiences, and accomplishments. Prepare specific examples that demonstrate how your skills and experiences match the job requirements. Be ready to articulate your strengths, weaknesses, and how you’re working on improving.

Practice Makes Perfect

Practice common interview questions with a friend, family member, or in front of a mirror. This helps you articulate your thoughts clearly and confidently. Pay attention to your body language and tone of voice; they play a significant role in how you come across.

Dress the Part

Choose your outfit in advance. It should align with the company culture and the role you’re applying for. When in doubt, it’s usually better to dress slightly more formal than the company’s everyday attire.

Logistics Matter

Make sure you know the interview location (if in-person) and have all the necessary details like contact information and names of interviewers. Arrive early, whether it’s in person or for a virtual interview, to ensure you have time to settle in and compose yourself.

Ask Questions

Prepare a few thoughtful questions to ask the interviewer. This not only shows your interest in the role but also helps you determine if the company is the right fit for you.

Stay Calm and Confident

Remember, the interview is as much about you assessing if the company is a good fit for you as it is about the company assessing you. Be yourself, stay calm, and let your enthusiasm and personality shine through.

Useful Links

Accounting Apprenticeships